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L2 Fitness Instructor CardioRespiratory Quiz

A quiz for a Fitness Instructor surrounding the CardioRespiratory System in preparation to sit their MCQ paper on Anatomy and Physiology for Exercise. 30 Questions.

 
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LukeKavanaghUoB
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1

Based on how OXYGENATED blood flows round the heart can you put these four anatomical references in order?

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  • Left Ventricle
  • Aorta
  • Right Ventricle
  • Pulmonary Vein

2

When analysing a Blood Pressure Reading (BP) can you match the below readings into their respective health categories?

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Left

  • Low BP
  • Normal BP
  • Stage 1 - Hypertension
  • Stage 3 - Hypertension

Right

  • 145/95
  • 180/110
  • 95/55
  • 129/85

3

Based on the route blood passes through blood vessels can you put the following pathway in order as it travels away from the heart?

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  • Capillaries
  • Arterioles
  • Venules
  • Arteries

4

What is classified as an "Optimal" blood pressure reading?

  • 130/80
  • 145/95
  • 120/80
  • 100/90

5

Based on how DE-OXYGENATED blood flows around the heart can you put these anatomical references for the heart in order?

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  • Right Pulmonary Artery
  • Left Atrium
  • Vena Cavae
  • Right Atrium

6

How is Blood Pressure(BP) defined?

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7

Which of the following statements is TRUE about the structure of Capillaries?

  • They have one way valves
  • They are able to vasodilate and vasoconstrict
  • They are one cell thick
  • They carry blood AWAY from the heart

8

What % of oxygen is in EXHALED air?

  • 19%
  • 21%
  • 17%
  • 79%

9

Can you put these respiratory system anatomical references into the right order of how air travels into the body?

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  • Bronchi
  • Bronchioles
  • Larynx
  • Pharynx

10

Can you match the correct muscle actions to the mechanics of breathing?

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Left

  • Expiration
  • Expiration
  • Inhalation
  • Inhalation

Right

  • Intercostal muscles contract
  • Diaphragm contracts and lowers
  • Intercostal muscles relax
  • Diaphragm relaxes and rises

11

How is Diffusion defined?

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12

What is systolic Blood Pressure?

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13

What is diastolic Blood Pressure?

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14

Which of the following is ONLY a SHORT term effect of exercise on the Cardiovascular System?

  • Stronger Heart Muscle
  • Increased Systolic Blood Pressure
  • Increased Stroke Volume
  • Increased Cardiac Output

15

During which type of exercise are clients likely to perform the "Valsalva Manoeuvre" whilst completing?

  • Light Weight Training
  • Endurance CV Training
  • Heavy Weight Training
  • Yoga

16

Which of the following best describes the flow of blood in Systemic Circulation?

  • Left ventricle, aorta, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, vena cavae, right atrium
  • Right ventricle, pulmonary artery, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, pulmonary veins, left atrium
  • Right ventricle, aorta, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, vena cava, left atrium
  • Left ventricle, pulmonary artery, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, pulmonary veins, right atrium

17

Which of the following blood vessels carries oxygenated blood to the heart from the lungs?

  • The aorta
  • The pulmonary vein
  • The vena cavae
  • The pulmonary artery

18

Where is the heart located?

  • Posterior to (behind) the sternum and just right of centre
  • Posterior to (behind) the sternum and just left of centre
  • Anterior to (in front of) the lungs and just left of centre
  • Anterior to (in front of) the lungs and just right of centre

19

What are the names of the tiny air sacs that are located at the end of the bronchioles in the lungs?

  • Cilia
  • Bronchi
  • Trachea
  • Alveoli

20

How often does the average adult heart beat (aka Resting Heart Rate - RHr) per minute?

  • 78 bpm
  • 55 bpm
  • 72 bpm
  • 66 bpm

21

For young people aged 14-16 years old, what does a fitness instructor need to consider when designing safe and effective cardio respiratory exercise?

  • They have a Higher Cardiac Output than adults
  • They have a Higher Resting Heart Rate than adults
  • They have a Lower Resting Heart rate than adults
  • They have a Higher stroke volume than adults

22

Define the term Tidal Volume (TV)?

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23

Cell fragments that assist in preventing blood loss from a damaged blood vessel by promoting a "clotting" response is a description of?

  • Plasma
  • Alveoli
  • Platelets
  • Arterioles

24

Can you match the descriptions below to the function of blood vessels?

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Left

  • White Blood Cells
  • Red Blood Cells
  • Platelets
  • Plasma

Right

  • Contains haemoglobin which binds to carry oxygen
  • Straw coloured liquid portion of blood
  • Release chemicals to promote clotting
  • Produced in red bone marrow which help fight infection

25

How is Blood Pressure (BP) expressed as an equation?

  • BP = Cardiac Output x Heart Rate
  • BP = Heart Rate - Age
  • BP = Cardiac Output x Total Peripheral Resistance
  • BP = Total Peripheral Resistance x Stroke Volume

26

What is the major purpose of a cool down period after exercise in regards to the cardio respiratory system?

  • Prevents venous return
  • Cools down the muscles
  • Encourages back flow of blood in the veins
  • Prevents blood pooling

27

What is Blood Pooling?

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28

How is cardiovascular training most commonly prescribed as an intensity?

  • % of a 1 Repetition Max (RM)
  • Rate of Effort (RE)
  • Speed of Motion (SoM)
  • % Heart Rate Max (MHr)

29

Arteries are generally accepted to carry oxygenated blood away from the heart, which blood vessel is the exception?

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30

Can you match the different names of heart valves below?

Drag items from right column to match with left column

Left

  • Atrioventricular (AV)
  • Atrioventricular (AV)
  • Semilunar
  • Semilunar

Right

  • Pulmonary Valve
  • Bicuspid Valve
  • Tricuspid Valve
  • Aortic Valve

 

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