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The Tsarist Russia History Quiz #11 - Opposition's Ideas and Ideologies

The old ways of the Russian Empire were soon to be swept aside by the coming of World War I. 10 Questions.

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Question 1 Photo

What is meant by ''agrarian socialism''; the idea of which was revived after the Great Famine (1891-1892, and supported by Populism?

  • Taking estates from landowners and dividing the land between the peasants to be farmed communally.
  • The people from ''above'' took care of the interests of the people ''below''.
  • Nobility is taxed to provide welfare benefits to the poorer members of society.
  • Private enterprise, which includes making money out of capital investment.

Question 2 Photo

Who led the Socialist Revolutionary Party; founded in 1901, the part appealed to the peasantry through a commitment to ''land socialisation'' and a decentralised government?

  • Vladimir Burtsev
  • Fyodor Dubasov
  • Yevno Azef
  • Victor Chernov

Question 3 Photo

How many political assassinations did the Social Revolutionary Party carry out between 1901 and 1905; these included the assassinations of two Ministers of Internal Affairs?

  • 1200
  • 1400
  • 1800
  • 2000

Question 4 Photo

Where was the First Congress of the Russian Socialist Democratic Workers' Party (1898) held; in which a manifesto, drawn up by Pyotr Struve asserted change had to come from the proletariat?

  • Warsaw
  • Kazan
  • Minsk
  • Kiev

Question 5 Photo

What did Lenin call his supporters, at the Second Party Congress (1903); Lenin argued in favour of a strong disciplined organisation of professional revolutionaries to lead the proletariat?

  • Proletariat
  • Mensheviks
  • Bolsheviks
  • Narodniks

Question 6 Photo

Which member of the Social Democratic Workers' Party called himself a ''non-factional social democrat'' after the split in the Party?

  • Eidelman
  • Martov
  • Trotsky
  • Lenin

Question 7 Photo

Which one of these would the Bolsheviks disagree upon; this partly led to the Social Democratic Workers' Party (SD) spit in 1903?

  • Favoured control in the hands of a Central Committee.
  • Party's job to educate the workers to lead them through the revolution.
  • Bourgeois and proletarian revolution could run simultaneously.
  • The Party should work through trade unions and other workers' organisations.

Question 8 Photo

What was the name of the Bolshevik newspaper which was launched in April 1912?

  • ''Pravda''
  • ''Luch''
  • ''Iskra''
  • ''Rech''

Question 9 Photo

What was the name of the less popular Menshevik newspaper, ''The Ray'', called in Russian (Latinised)?

  • ''Rech''
  • ''Ruska Rewolucja''
  • ''Iskra''
  • ''Luch''

Question 10 Photo

When did World War I start; although at first this brought a wave of patriotism, it soon brought the country to its knees and its people calling for greater change?

  • 1914
  • 1915
  • 1917
  • 1918