The Stewarts Quiz
A quiz on one of the most important families in Scottish history from their arrival in the twelfth century, to the death of Mary Queen of Scots. 25 Questions.
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The founder of the Stewart family, Walter Fitzalan, came north from England at the invitation of which Scottish King?
Robert the Bruce
Walter was the son of Alan Fitz Flaald, who was also the direct ancestor of which powerful Marcher lords in England?
The de Clares
The de Bohuns
Walter's great grandson- Alexander, the fourth hereditary steward- had command at one of Scotland's more important battles in 1263. Which battle?
The Battle of Falkirk
The Battle of Largs
The Battle of the Standard
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
Alexander's son James was known for often switching his allegiance during the Wars of Independence, but one of his own vassals was one of Scotland's most famous nationalist leaders. Who?
Type in the correct answer
The next steward, James's son Walter, was not so quick to change allegiances. In 1319, he defended and held which town against an English army led by Edward II?
Walter was also the father of King Robert II, by virtue of his marriage to which of Robert the Bruce's relatives?
Having followed King David II to the Battle of Neville's Cross in 1346, Robert, not yet King, made which decision when he saw the Scots were losing?
He led his troops out of the fight
He led a brave but failed attempt to rout the enemy
He sent his troops into battle and then escaped himself
He fought his way through the fray to rescue his uncle
Robert III, originally known as John, once suggested that he should be buried in which unusual place?
In the roof of Dunfermline Abbey, to ward off evil spirits
Under the royal park, so that he could enjoy hunting in death
In Iona, near the ancient celtic Kings, who he tried to emulate
In the midden, as he believed himself to be a terrible king
As Robert III had been disabled by a kick from a horse, his younger brother, another Robert, gained much control over the kingdom. What was his title?
Duke of Rothesay
Earl of Carrick
Duke of Albany
Earl of Ross
After the suspicious death of his older brother Prince David in 1402, Robert III's younger son James was sent away from Scotland to keep him safe from the Duke of Albany. What happened to him?
He raised an army in France and defeated his uncle in battle
He was captured by pirates, who ransomed him to King Henry IV of England
He took sanctuary at the court of Henry V and fought at the Battle of Agincourt
He went to petition the pope for the excommunication of his uncle
When James returned as King, how did he treat his cousin Murdoch, Albany's son, who had been imprisoned with him for a time?
Rewarded him with the honour of the title Duke of Rothesay
Had him thrown from the battlements at Edinburgh castle
Had him beheaded in Stirling
Had him hung by the heels from the window of Doune castle
James also came to a sticky end himself, when he was stabbed to death by several of his nobles in a tunnel he had recently had blocked off. Why had he blocked it off?
He was disturbed in the night because birds were nesting in it
Because servants were using it to hide footballs, a game he had banned
Because sewage kept leaking out of it
Because he kept losing tennis balls down it
Just as his father banned football, James II reputedly banned another sport popular in Scotland in an attempt to get men to practice archery more often. Which sport?
Tossing the caber
In an attempt to make his kingship secure, James II also set about attempting to break the power of which prominent Scottish family?
The Black Douglases
After the murder of his grandfather James I, and the death of his father James II following the explosion of a cannon, James III should have been wary of his fate. How did he meet his end?
He was deposed and starved to death in Blackness castle
He was put into a ship which was deliberately leaky and cast out to sea
He lived to the age of seventy, the only Stewart king to die peacefully
He was defeated in battle by an army of his own nobles
James IV is widely regarded as being very much a 'Renaissance man'. One of his courtiers, John Damian, was known for his many attempts to gain favour from the King. Which of these did he not attempt?
Walking on water
James IV was also known for being a bit of a ladies man. Which one of these women was not one of his illicit mistresses?
James IV was the last King in the British Isles to fall in battle, along with 'the flower of Scottish nobility' at which disastrous military defeat in England?
The Battle of the Standard
The Battle of Homildon
The Battle of Flodden
The Battle of Solway Moss
Although many of the Stewart kings died young, leaving only child heirs, their formidable consorts succeeded in making their mark on history. Can you match the Queen with the deed?
Drag items from right column to match with left column
Joan Beaufort, wife of James I
Mary of Gueldres, wife of James II
Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV
Mary of Guise, wife of James V
Crowned the Earl of Atholl with a circlet of red hot iron
Fought to be made Regent, opposed by both Henry VIII and the Earl of Arran
Gave shelter to Margaret of Anjou, Henry VI's wife during the Wars of the Roses
Waged a private war against her second husband, ordering cannons to fire on him
James V is reputed to have disguised himself so that he might go about the country unseen. What was he disguised as?
A knight errant
During his minority, James was also taken prisoner by which of his relatives until his escape in 1528?
His step-father, Archibald Douglas
His Uncle, Henry VIII
His mother, Margaret Tudor
His cousin, John Stewart, Duke of Albany
What were the famous words that James is supposed to have uttered on his death-bed regarding his family's fortunes?
"Uneasy lies the head that wears the crown."
"It cam wi' a lass and it'll gang wi' a lass."
"Oh wad some Pow'r the giftie gie us, to see oursels as others see us."
"In my defens, God me defend."
When James's daughter Mary was sent to France by her mother, she was accompanied by four other noblewomen known as the Queen's Maries. Which of these is not one of them?
One of Queen Mary's favourites was her Italian secretary, David Rizzio, who met a rather nasty end. How did he die?
Hung by the Earl of Bothwell's men from a bridge
Stabbed to death by Mary's husband and his cronies in front of the Queen
Poisoned by jealous courtiers at dinner
Executed by the Queen when she grew bored of him
In keeping with the custom of her ancestors, Mary's death was suitably dramatic, but where was she first buried?
France, as she had asked
Peterborough Cathedral, like Catherine of Aragon
Holyrood Abbey, like her father and dead brothers
Westminster Abbey, like many of England's monarchs
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