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Long & short term effects of exercise

The Physiology of fitness quiz that tests your knowledge of the long and short term effects of exercise on the body systems. 15 Questions.

 
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mikeholt1
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1

What is cardiac hypertrophy?

  • Enlarging of the skeletal muscles
  • A heart condition
  • Enlarging of the cardiac muscle
  • Ab abnormal heart

2

What is cardiac output?

  • The number of times the heart beats per minute
  • The amount of blood pumped out by the ventricles in a given period of time
  • An icrease in blood flow as a result of blood pooling
  • An increase in blood pressure as a result of exercise

3

What is capillarisation?

  • An increase in the number of blood vessels
  • An increase in the volume of blood in the body
  • A decrease in the number of blood vessels
  • A decrease in the volume of blood in the body

4

What is the effect of exercise on the digestive system?

  • Recovery time after exercise is reduced
  • It reduces the size of the diaphragm
  • It increases the size of the cardiac muscle
  • It strengthens the muscles of the abdomen and digestive organs

5

What are osteoblasts?

  • Cells that bring calcium into the bones
  • Destructive cells that fight off lactic acid
  • Muscle fibres
  • Part of the structure of the abdomen

6

What is synovial fluid?

  • Fluid that exists within the heart
  • A liquid that is secreted from the nasal cavity
  • Fluid that acts as a lubricant within a joint
  • A liquid that is secreted from the muscle after exercise

7

What is the Hyaline cartilage made of

  • Tendon fibres
  • Collagen
  • Actin and myosin
  • Bone marrow

8

What is the technical term for a lower resting heart rate?

  • Brandycardia
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Bradycardia
  • Hypercardia

9

What is stroke volume?

  • The amount of oxygen the lungs produce per breath
  • The amount of blood pumped per beat of the heart
  • The amount of blood pumped from the alveoli
  • The amount of blood the vein pumps to the lungs per minute

10

What is Mitochondria?

  • A cell within the muscle structure
  • Fatty deposits within the artery
  • A cell within the bone structure
  • A part of the cardiac muscle chambers

11

What is vital capacity?

  • The amount of air that can be forced out of the lungs after a maximal inspiration.
  • The amount of air that can be inhaled into the lungs after maximal expiration
  • The amount of blood held within the human body
  • An increase in the rate of diffusion

12

Where are the intercostal muscles located?

  • They are found in the abdomen
  • They are found inbetween the vertebrae
  • They are found inbetween the ribs
  • They are found in the walls of the heart

13

What does ATP stand for?

  • Adenosine Tra Phosphate
  • Adenosinr Tole Phosphate
  • Adenosine Tri Phosphate
  • Adenosinr Ti Phosphate

14

What is the term for a reduction in the size of a muscle?

  • Hypertrophy
  • Muscle reduction
  • Atrophy
  • Hyperventilation

15

What is osteoporosis?

  • Incease in calcium levels within the bone structure
  • Decrease in bone size
  • Increase in bone density
  • Brittle bone desease

 

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